Brushing is a technique that is directly related to the hygiene of the mouth. Teeth are white bone like structures that are found inside human mouth but they are not actually bones. These are small, more calcified, sharp and white in color. Their function is to breakdown the food into small bits and pieces, so that it becomes easy to swallow and then to digest. The teeth are embedded in the upper and lower jaw of the mouth which is protected by the gums. Teeth are made up of different tissues ranging between hardness and density.
Teeth are one of the hardest substances of our human body. Besides being used for crushing and grinding the food, it is also very essential for the delivery of speech. Teeth are not just one structure but it is a combination of many parts:
- Pulp: It is the softer inner structure of the teeth. It holds the nerves and blood vessels that run inside it.
- Cementum: It is a layer of connective tissues that holds the roots of the teeth firmly to the jawbones and gums.
- Periodontal Ligament: These are the tissues that tightly bind the teeth against the jaw.
- Enamel: It is the hard outer part of the teeth which is white in color. Enamel is made up of calcium phosphate which is a rock-hard mineral.
- Dentin: this is the layer that lies beneath the enamel. Dentin is made up of fresh living cells that release some substances in the form of hard minerals.
Brushing your teeth can be fun, switch on some music and brush with the beat.
A normal adult human mouth is filled with 32 teeth, which usually emerge at the age of 13. The bunch of human teeth usually contains:
- Incisors: These are 8 in number and are the middlemost four teeth of both the upper and lower jaw.
- Canines: These are the 4 pointed teeth that are located next to incisors.
- Premolars: These 8 teeth come between the canines and the molars.
- Molars: These flat styled teeth are located at the back of the mouth and are known best for their grinding techniques.
- Wisdom Teeth: These 4 are the very last teeth that usually appear at the age of 18, but sometimes these are surgically removed to avoid displacement of other teeth.
There are many teeth conditions that must also be considered, such as:
- Cavities: This is a kind of bacteria that hijacks your teeth especially premolars and molars and often damage the enamel and inside structure of the teeth. These can be avoided by properly brushing your teeth.
- Tooth Decay: It is a collective disease of teeth including cavities and caries.
- Periodontists: It is inflammation of the inner structure of teeth usually at the depth, just because of weak oral hygiene.
- Gingivitis: It is the inflammation of gums, between and around the crown of the teeth. Plaque and tarter can be one cause of this disease.
- Plaque: A colorless and sticky material made up of bacteria. Plaque appears after eating sweet treats but can be removed with proper brushing.
- Tartar: If plaque is not taken care of, it mixes with other minerals to form tartar. Tarter cannot be removed with brushing and you may need professional assistance.
- Tooth Sensitivity: This happens when one or more teeth become sensitive enough to bear any cold or hot food. It is just because the dentin got exposed.
All these teeth problems and diseases occur because we don’t take brushing seriously and pay no attention to our oral hygiene. Brushing your teeth is our daily morning and bed time routine, which is very important for our oral hygiene. This technique helps you to maintain a good oral health and hygiene by remove food particles, plaque and debris from your teeth and eliminating bacteria from your mouth.
A good oral health throws a perfect impact on your personality. To shine your personality you must have a bunch of shiny teeth and for these you have to follow perfect brushing techniques and avoid any type of negligence. Let’s see what sort of mistakes you people are doing while brushing your teeth.
15. Floss Your Teeth Before Brushing
Flossing is a technique used to maintain your oral health. It is one essential part of oral health care and is necessary to follow at least once daily. It is done by using a dental floss which is a thin filament cord used to remove food and plaque from the teeth between the teeth where the toothbrush is unable to reach.
Some people often use a regular thread that can be quite unhygienic. Flossing also helps to prevent different gum diseases and cavities. Try flossing before or after brushing your teeth. This way your teeth will feel cleaner and happier and your smile will glow. The technique is quite simple to follow.
- First rinse your mouth with clean water.
- Take your dental floss and slide it between your teeth where you feel the presence of food bits or plaque.
- Fulfill your satisfaction and then rinse your mouth again.
- Brush your teeth with your regular toothpaste.
Note: Flossing is always preferred with a dental floss, not with a thread.
14. Keep Your Brush Clean
You must be washing your toothbrush after every use but have you noticed something wrong and dirty? It is not visible to the naked eye, your brush looks clean but it is not. Bacteria and other germs that can cause cavities and other gum disease grow on your brush. Even your new brush can be a victim of such unwanted problems. You can overcome this by rinsing your brush thoroughly with hot water. This way it will kill maximum germs and bacteria.
Always try to keep your brush upright in a cup. Leaving your brushes on the sink and in contact with counter can cause the growth of germs and bacteria. Always keep an eye on your brush and see for any leftover food bits inside your bristles. These food bits rot and turn into bacteria causing your teeth to get cavities and other gum diseases. Avoid keeping your brush near the toilet seat.
13. Always Brush Your Molars And Inner Side Of Teeth
It is totally unacceptable that some people only brush their front teeth more than the rest. They just feel that their work is done and they have mastered the technique of cleaning their teeth. But they are just too wrong and they don’t know what mistake they have always been doing. It is always important to pay strict attention while brushing your teeth. Brush your molars and the inside surface of your teeth properly, as they are as important as the rest of your teeth.
Try the brush to cover all the teeth so that cleanliness can be done as a whole, leaving few can cause decay, plaque and tartar. These are the parts of teeth where your tongue is mostly pressed against.
- Start brushing your front teeth in slide plus up and down motion.
- Then take your toothbrush to the left side of the mouth and keep on brush in both the motions.
- After the left side direct your toothbrush towards right and repeat the same.
- Keep on cleaning the crown part of the teeth.
- At the very end comes the inner surface of the teeth which also needs the same brushing attention.
12. Keep Brushing For At Least 2 Minutes
Brushing is not a 1-minute stand; it needs a proper time and attention. Most people usually know the standard duration to brush their teeth but still they ignore the fact and do this most routine of the day in just a few seconds. They don’t do it long enough to properly clean their teeth. The recommended and properly time to brush your teeth is at least 2 minutes.
There is a very good way to brush your teeth for 2 minutes is to turn off your water tap and keep on brushing. This way you will be saving the precious water and giving some good time to the hygiene of your teeth. Leaving the tap open often lets the people clean their teeth in a hurry, this way they are more likely to finish their other job rather than brushing their teeth properly. You can also try listening to some cool music while brushing your teeth. This way you can give a good time to your brushing plus you will also get entertained with the beats.
11. Eat Fresh Fruits And Vegetables For Natural Cleanliness
A very unique and useful tip to keep your teeth clean and healthy is to have fresh fruits and vegetables on regular basis. This is the best way to keep your teeth clean when you are out of the house and you have no option to brush your teeth. The fruits and veggies like apple and celery can help you in this technique, you just have to get few bites and your work is done. Many raw fruits and vegetables those are rich in fiber works as an abrasive that instantly removes the plaque. Once you reach home, you can simple brush and rinse your teeth to remove any sort of stray bacteria. This way brushing can be made quite easier and you can get healthy teeth in less time.
10. Replace Your Old Tooth Brush
Toothbrush replace is a very hard decision for many people. Maybe they are just in love with them and want to keep them for the rest of their lives. But should not be the case, your toothbrush must be replaced every 3-4 months. This is the biggest mistake we do in our daily lives. After using your brush for about 3 months, the bristles of your brush start bending and coming out. A toothbrush having such a condition cannot clean your teeth in a proper manner.
Always keep an eye on your brush, make sure the bristles are in proper position and not bending here and there. The time you see your brush strands frayed and yellow, change it as soon as possible. The sooner the better, it’s all about the hygiene of your complete mouth.
9. Keeping Your Brush Wet Can Be Unhygienic
Keeping your brush wet after every cleaning is the one thing you should avoid at the first place. People are so vigilant to rinse their brush after every use but forget to dry them up and keep them as it is, wet and dripping.
A wet brush becomes a house for bacteria and they enjoy spreading their life on the bristles of the brush. The next time you use it, you are just unaware of what sort of bacteria you are going to introduce in your mouth, you just can’t imagine. This can also cause bad breath and many other gum diseases. Whenever you are brushing your teeth, rinse your brush thoroughly in the end using your thumb to clean up the bristles properly. Give it some strong jerks to drain extra water and pat it dry with the help of a towel. You can maintain a healthy smile just by following these amazing tips.
8. Always Rinse Your Brush Properly
In our busy lives we are always in such a hurry that we forget to give time to some of our very important daily chores. We are always in a rush to leave the house or off to our bed at night, we often forget to brush our teeth or do it but not in a proper way. In this way, we give a chance to bacteria and other germs top invade our brush. The food debris remains on our brush and becomes a feast for other germs. This may cause gum problems and many other oral diseases. This may also cause the bristles to get hard.
To avoid the growth of any kind of bacteria and other germs, always remember to rinse your brush with fresh water thoroughly. Keep your brush under a running tap for about a minute and then air dry it. This technique will help to remove toothpaste, food debris and bacteria from your brush.
7. Avoid Brushing From The Same Spot
Most of us are in a habit of brushing our teeth from the very same spot. We reach the same point each time and start brushing our teeth, this is one common mistake we make while brushing. Whenever we are brushing from the same particular place, there is a high chance of getting lazy till will reach the last part our jaw. This means proper and timely cleaning of your teeth is not done.
To clean and brush your teeth, dentists always advise to brush your teeth from different places and angles so that it actively reaches each and every point of the teeth. This way all your teeth will get proper time and cleaning.
6. Don’t Brush To Frequently
Being overly hygiene-conscious can be one bug disadvantage sometimes. People think that by brushing your teeth too frequently can solve your teeth problems, but that’s not right. If you brush your teeth more than 3-times a day, it can certainly harm your teeth leaving you with pain and other problems. This can lead you to damaged gum lines along with removal of dental enamel. So it id always advised not to over do brushing. The tip for healthy and shinier teeth is to brush your teeth twice daily that is before going bed and early morning when you wake up.
5. Using Wrong Type Of Brush
Toothbrushes amazing come in many sizes and designs, people often don’t care about buying a right kind of a brush for themselves. They don’t know what sort of and which size of the brush will suit their teeth and gums. They always end up buying the very wrong kind and size that only harms their teeth.
If the brush is too big, you have to keep your mouth wide open that may hurt your jaw. And if it is too small, then properly cleaning of the teeth won’t be possible. When a toothbrush feels nice in your mouth and it reaches the exact tooth you want, then it is the right size you were looking for. There are many options in brush mechanism, you can either buy an electronic brush or go with the regular manual toothbrushes.
4. Using The Wrong Brushing Technique
We all brush our teeth regular on daily basis, but we don’t give much thought to the brushing techniques. There is a proper guideline to brush your teeth and that is followed and recommended by many dentists worldwide.
- Always align your brush at 45 degrees against your gum line.
- Using soft and small strokes slide your brush towards left and right.
- Brush your teeth in circulatory or vertically motion around the inner and outer sides of the teeth.
- When that’s done also brush your tongue to prevent bacteria and bad breath.
- Finish by thoroughly rinsing your mouth with fresh water.
By following these special guidelines you can certainly maintain clean, healthy and shiny teeth, free from bacteria, plaque and tartar.
3. Choosing Wrong Bristles
Whenever we are buying a brush we have to consider the type of bristles our brush will be having along with its size. There are different types of brushes that are available in the market, the option and type of the bristles is always mentioned at the top of the packing. The types may be round, zigzag, straight, or angled. Also the texture is also mentioned such as hard, medium or soft. You have to look for a brush that suits your mouth plus your teeth, as you cannot neglect anyone of this.
According to dentist’s recommendation, angled bristles work best, as they can reach the hardest part of the mouth and clean the teeth properly. If you have sensitive teeth avoid using a hard bristled brush, this may harm your enamel and will irritate your gums. Always use medium to soft bristled toothbrush.
2. Brush After 30 Minutes Whenever You Take A Meal
Brushing your teeth right after a meal can be extremely dangerous for your teeth. This may damage your teeth and gums causing bleeding and pain. The time after meal is quite sensitive because the pH level of our mouth is lower than normal, which means it is too acidic at that moment. So brushing at this point of time can be abrasive and harsh for your teeth,
Always wait for at least 30 minutes after a meal and then you have the liberty to brush your teeth to regain your oral health. As some people face problems while eating any thing sour or sweet, they just want to brush their teeth as soon as possible to avoid any kind of dental pain.
1. Use A Gentle Hand While Brushing
Always use a gentle hand while brushing your teeth. This may save your teeth from getting damaged and hurt. Most people follow different techniques to brush their teeth, but some techniques are more harmful as compared to the others. Your teeth need to be brushed with love and care that is gently and properly, the lighter hand you use; the more it will be cleaner and healthier. Instead of brushing harshly with long strokes, brush your teeth in a gentle and circular manner.
Dentists recommend that brush your teeth gently as you try to clean your precious furniture. Always take care while brushing, if you see your bristles are bending, this means you are brushing your teeth way too hard.
Brushing Fun Facts
- An average person spends at least 48 seconds brushing his teeth, but our very own dentists recommend at least 2 minutes.
- Always keep your toothbrush 6 feet away from your toilet to avoid any sort of airborne bacteria and other diseases.
- Placing a cap on your wet toothbrush can be more detrimental to bacteria as compare to an open brush.
- The first toothbrush was made in China using bristles made of animal hair.
- Always keep your pets away from your brushes, they are very curious and might use their mouth to touch your brush, making them unhygienic for next use.
- In ancient times tooth brushing was done using tree twigs.
- Sometimes flossing is more important then brushing, so always keep a balance of both.